1962-2016: INGOYI Y’UBUJA UBUCAKARA N’UBUKOLONI ABANYARWANDA BARI BIGOBOTOYE YARAGARUTSE

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Ku itariki ya 1 Nyakanga 1962, nibwo ibendera rya mbere ryazamuwe i Kigali nk’ikimenyetso ko U Rwanda rubaye igihugu kigenga ku mpande ebyiri. Ku ruhande rumwe U Rwanda rwavuye mu maboko y’abanyamahanga bari barukolonije (ABABILIGI). Bityo ntirwongere kwitwa igihugu cy’Ababiligi, abaturage ntibongere guhinga bahunikira UBubiligi, ntibongere gutegekwa n’umuzingu mu milimo y’igihugu iyariyo yose, kandi abanyobozi bakaba abanyarwanda bahiswemo n’abanyarwanda ubwabo. Ku ruhande rwa kabili, abanyarwanda barenga 85% bavanywe mu buja n’ubucakara bwo gukorera umushefu wari warashyizweho n’abo babiligi. Abanyarwanda barenga 85% bavaniweho uburetwa bwo gukorera abashefu hafi yabose bo mu bwoko bw’abatutsi, bavanirwaho guhora bahetse abo bashefu, bavanirwaho gukubitwa nabo bashefu bavanirwaho guhora bahangayikishijwe no gufata igihe I Bwami nkandi bagomba no kwita ku ngo zabo. Muli make abanyarwanda bari barakandamijwe bariruhikije, nabo barahumeka, baririmba indirimbo y’ibyishimo no kwizera ejo hazaza. Kugira ngo ubwo bwigenge bugerweho habaye ah’abagabo b’intwari banditse mu mateka yacu kandi batazahanagurika nkuko umwamzi abishaka. Abo bagabo bagize foundation y’uyu munsi wa 1-Nyakanga 1962 ni Gregoire Kayibanda, Dominique Mbonyumutwa, Joseph Gitera, n’izindi ntwari ntarondora amazina ahangaha bahereye muli 1957 basaba ko rubanda nyamwinshi (yari igizwe ahanini n’abahutu) yari yarahinduwe abaja n’abagaragu batagira ijambo batagira icyo batunga cyabo bwite, babereyeho guhakwa no gukubitwa kuko bitwaga abahutu, nabo bagira uburenganzira bwa muntu. Intambara yo kwigobotora ingoyi nkiyo ntabwo yoroha, niko bimeze ku isi hose. Abari ku butegetsi bari bamazeho imyaka amagana, ntabwo babyemeye nkuko amateka abisobanura. Umwami n’ingabo ze bashatse kubacecekesha babica umwe ku wundi. Barishwe ba Secyugu, ba Kayuku ba Sindibona, ba Kajangwe, ba Mukwiye n’abandi benshi. Baba basatiriye bariya ba Mbonyumutwa, nibwo abaturage bahagurutse kuko bari babonye ibyabo birangiye. Ngaho aho imyivumbagatanyo ya 1959 yaturutse. Abashefu b’abatusti abenshi barahunze, bajyana n’abantu babo mu mahanga. Ntibicaye kuva icyo gihe. Bateguye intambara yo muli 1990 yarimbuye abahutu benshi ndetse harimo na bamwe mu batutsi. Iyo ntambara yashenye u Rwanda ndetse n’akarere rutuyemo, yahitanye miliyoni z’abantu zirenga amacumi, nanubu kandi ako gatsiko k’ingengabitekerezo y’ingoma ya guhake nacyami irarimbanije ngo imareho abantu bose batifuza amabi yayo.

ABANYARWANDA BANYAZWE UBWIGENGE BWABO BASUBIZWA KU NGOYI YA CYAMI- GIHAKE NA GIKOLONIZE

Ubwigenge bw’abanyarwanda babonye muli 1962 ubu bwabaye amateka. Abari bararahiriye kuzagarura ingoma yabo ya cyami mu gihugu muli ibyo bihe bya 1960, koko barabikoze bakoresheje intambara ikomeye yateguwe igihe kirekire babifashijwemo n’abakoloni nkuko byari byaragenze kera mu bihe by’ingoma yabo ya cyami. Intambara yatangiye muli 1990 izanywe n’abo batutsi bari barahunze baje mu izina rya FPR-INKOTANYI, yaje ari simusiga. Abantu benshi barabihanuye ko iyo ntambara ije kwimika nanone ubuja n’ubucakara ku banyagihugu, nyamara hari abitwa ko ari impuguke mu gihugu bafashe izo mpanuro nk’ubucucu ubujiji, ndetse nubuhezanguni. Abahutu bamwe bitwaga ko bajijutse nibo bafashe iya mbere mu gufatanya n’izo nkotanyi kuzanira abanyarwanda iyi ngoyi n’agahotoro karimbuye imbaga kandi kagikomeje.

Ingoyi – Ubuja n’ubucakara- Ihonyabwoko n’Ivangura-bahutu birimitswe mu Rwanda

Intambara yo muli 1990 yaje gukaza umurego muli 1994 FPR imaze kwica abayobozi benshi b’abahutu kugeza ubwo yivugana na Presida w’igihugu Habyarimana Yuvenali. Ubwicanyi bwakulikiye ayo marorerwa yari yatangiye ku ya 1 Ukwakira 1990, bwahitanye abatutsi besnhi ariko buza kurimbura abahutu nanubu bakirimburwa. Ibyo byose ni ingaruka y’ingengabitekerezo y’agatsiko katigeze kava ku izima ko kagomba gutegeka u Rwanda kandi kagahana umuhutu wese utinyuka akavuga ko ingoma ya cyami yari yarahatse igahonyora imbaga nyamwinshi. FPR yateye intambara yaramaze gushyiraho amategeko twakwita APARTHEID mu Kinyarwanda “ IVANGURABWOKO” arinayo agenga imibereho y’u Rwanda iki gihe. Ayo mategegeko yatekerejwe n’abitwaga intiti z’abatutsi bo muli FPR niyo amaze gutikiza miliyoni zirenga icumi mu Rwanda ndetse no muli Congo. Ubwo bwicanyi no guhaka abaturage batuye akarere kose buri muli gahunda iri muli iyo APARTHEID nkuko bimaze kugaragara mu bikorwa byose bya Leta ya Jenerali PAULO Kagame wimitswe n’ako gatsiko k’abacurabwenge batazi ko uwo mwicanyi azamara abahutu akototera n’abatutsi bamwe na bamwe. Ingoyi, ubucakara n’ubuja no kwicwa umugenda bikorerwa abahutu bikorwa mu buryo bwinshi:
1.Kwica abantu igihiriri nkuko byagenze muli za Byumba, Kibungo, Kigali Kibeho,n’ahandi henshi mu ntara zose z’igihugu, hakoreshejwe amabombe, indege. Tulibuka Jenerali Kayumba Nyamwasa ubwe yivugira ko agomba kulimbura abo bahutu ngo bafatanya n’abacengezi. Tulibuka ibyabereye I Kibeho muli za 1995, aho FPR yahutse mu bana n’abagore igahumbahumba. Turibuka uburyo abasenyeri bishwe, bakicanwa n’umumalayika Sheja kuko batari kwitesha kulimbura imbaga iyo biha gukiza uwo mwana. Tulibuka jenoside yakorewe impunzi z’abahutu muli Kongo. Ibyo kuzayita Jenoside ONU niramuka ibyemeye ibyo ni ubuhendabana ababukulikiza ni akazi kabo, jenoside yakorewe abahutu ni ihame, ikorwa LONI ibiha umugisha siyo rero izahindukira ngo ibyemeze.
2.Kwica abahutu hakoreshejwe kubanyaga ibyabo, kubasenyera bakazicwa no kuba ku gasi, kubaka imirima yabo, kubategeka guhinga igihingwa kimwe, kurandura imyaka yabo. Muli make FPR yagize abahutu benshi abakene nako abahanya.
3.Kwica abahutu babavangura mu burezi. Amakuru aravugwa buri munsi uburyo abana batari mu bwoko bw’indobanure badashobora kwiga kubera ubukene, nabikokoye bakiga, nta mashuli meza bajyamo, n’abagerageje kuyabona bararangiza ntibabone akazi
4.Kwica abahutu bababesheyera bagafungirwa ubusa bakazabica urubozo mu munyururu. Tuzi benshi bafungiwe kamama babeshyerwa ngo bishe abatutsi, bakabatera ibyishi mu minyururu bakagwamo, n’abataguyemo bagafungurwa barimo gusamba, bakagwa iwabo bamaze gutaha. Abahutu b’abanyapolitiki bafungirwa ubusa nka Bernard Ntaganda, Victoire Ingabire, n’abandi ndetse n’abatutsi bashatse kwamagana amahano y’iriya ngoma nka Mushayidi abo bose ni umuhigo wa FPR wo kumaramara abantu ngo izaganze mu Rwanda no mu karere yica igakiza uwo ishatse.
5. Kwica abahutu bari hanze babagambanira. Ingero ni nyinshi z’abamaze kurasirwa hanze cyanga bagashimutwa FPR ikajya kubicira iwayo ikoresheje iyicarubozo.
6. Kwica abahutu babaheza mu mashyamba ya Congo babasangayo babatwika n’amabombe ubundi bagatwara bunyago abo bacakiye bakajya kubica urubozo nk’abandi bariyo.
7. Kwica abahutu baboza ubwonko bakoresheje za techniques zizwe igihe kirekire. Ngabo ba Bizimana J Damaseni, ba Rucagu, ba Murekezi, ba Habumuremyi, n’abandi bahutu bakunda ibiryo kuruta roho zabo, babatesheje ubwonko, babusimbuza ibindi bintu tutazi bisa na za Mudasomwa z’ibyaduka zibavugiramo. Ubu ngo abanyururu nabo bari kuboza ubwonko babashyiramo imivugo bazajya bagenda bavugishwa aho banyuze hose ngo barega abakurambera babo (abahutu) ko bari ibisimba, ko ngo ingoma ya cyami ije ariyo mukiza wabo. Abo bose ni ukubona bagenda ntibakili abantu ni imizindaro ya FPR.
Duhereye kuli aya marorerwa akorwa n’ingoma ya cyami na gikolonize yimitswe ubu mu Rwanda, ntaho wahera uvuga ngo abanyarwanda barigenga. Ubwoko bw’abahutu bwo nkuko bigaragara, bukorerwa jenoside, amahanga yicecekeye. Ikibabaje nuko natwe ubwacu abanyarwanda tubona jenoside iriho irimbanije, tugasa naho tutabibona. Jenoside yakorewe kandi igikorerwa abahutu irahari kandi ntiteze guhagarara niba hatabonetse ingamba zifatika zo kurwanya iriya ngoma y’agahotoro yimitswe n’agatsiko k’abatutsi n’abakoloni babakoresha.

UMWANZURO

Ubwigenge twari twarabonye tukabwamburwa mu maherere ntawundi uzabudusubiza atari twebwe ubwacu. Hari abicara ngo bari kubaririza niba nta muzungu uraboneka ngo adufashe kwigenga. Ni akumiro. Umuzungu ntaho azava wo kudusubiza ubwigenge kuko we akeneye abayobozi bo kumufasha gukandagira rubanda ku gakanu. Rubanda nizo ngufu za Afrika, kandi umuzungu akeneye kurya iyo Afrika. Umuzungu ntashaka umunyafurika wigenga, niyo mpanvu ashakisha Twagiramungu Faustini, Irategeka Wilson na ba Hamada n’abandi bagomba kunvisha rubanda ko igomba gupfukamira HCR bakemera guterwa ibyapa ku mibiri bagahora bakontororwa mu cyo bakora cyose. Ntibazarote icyitwa kwigenga. Ibihe birakomeye cyane cyane mu karere kacu. Umuzungu aracyakomeye ku bayobozi bamena amaraso kuko babahesha inzira yo kurya Afrika. Abanyapolitiki bacu nibashaka ko umuzungu ariwe ubabwira uko bayobora abaturage mu nzira yo kwigenga, bazahavana imbwa yiruka. Abazungu beza barahari; ariko ntibazadufasha batareba ko dushoboye kwifasha. Intwaro z’Urumuli turazifite: Ukuli kose turakuzi, abashaka kukuzibya nibabandi umuzungu akoresha. Kwitwara neza turabishoboye twirinda kurarikira utubombo tw’abazungu. Umwete turawufite no kwihangana kuko twashoboye kubaho muli ibi bitotezo byose. Imana turayizin’abatari bayizi bahuriye nayo mu bigeragezo byinshi. Igisigaye n’iki?? Ni ugutsinda ubwoba tukakira intwaro ihuje n’urugamba turiho nta gutinya gupfa kuko utinya gutanga amaraso yawe ngo ubohore abawe, imbwa zikazayanywera ubusa.

Umusomyi w’Intabaza

Peace

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6 Responses to 1962-2016: INGOYI Y’UBUJA UBUCAKARA N’UBUKOLONI ABANYARWANDA BARI BIGOBOTOYE YARAGARUTSE

  1. Kagabo says:

    Ariko mwavuye mu magambo mukajya mubikorwa!! Kwandika mubona bitanga ikihe kizere kumunyarwanda uhunitse muri gereza zo murwanda! Byibuze ari isasu riraye rivugira rubavu cg musanze byatuma agira morale, naho izi nyandiko mwirirwamo gusa nagashinyaguro nkakandi kose.

  2. Tsinda says:

    Nzakuratanishyaka nubutwari, iyo nibutse ibihe twagize kugeza ubu, nshimira abarwana shyaka bitanze batizigamye, Bumulirundi bwacu, nako Rwanda nziza gihugu cyacu wuje imisozi ibiyaga nibirunga, ngobyiduhetse….
    Dutsindubukoroni na mpatsibihugu byayogoje Afrika yose None ubu abarevolution baracanganyikiwe, au bout et fier pays zairois , pays de aieux, soyez en paix, c’est ~^ace au dinamisme….
    Abahutu bose bahunze, MULI kONGO bavumbura abakuze kutamenya La zaïroise, cg badasaramuye , niyo mwakwihindura mute abahutu babanyekongo si amakafiri, muzabaze Sebishyimbo deputé wabahutu ba Nd Kivu

  3. kamana says:

    Mukomere nanje nunvatwakora iyobwaba tugatinyuka karinga tutitaye kuturere dukomokamo ahubwo tukunga ubumwe nkiga nduga numutego wakaringa kandi biracagaragara murugaga rwacu abacunguzi nyabuna ibyobintu nibicike rwose ubuntaso mufite kubona Madame ingabire atinyuka karinga ariko abagabo mufite zamuzinga mukaba mumutereranye nonese muravuga ngo intwari namwe mwikubite agashi ingabire azibukwa nkintwa nazaba atanakiriho arikomwe sinzi rwose

  4. Koreta says:

    FDLR-FOCA murakaza neza murisanga. Inaha turabategereje muze dufatanye kwibohora

  5. Rukokoma says:

    Nshuki kandi bavandimwe,
    Namwe muribonera neza ko igihe kigeze ngo duhaguruke dutere ingabomubitugu FDLR naho nibyo Politique byose bisa n’aho ntacyo byamara. Bamwe bajayaga birirwa baririmba ngo ntacyo ntwageraho tutari kumwe na RNC, murabona ko nayo yari ibigambo gusa. Nta na rimwe Urwanda ruzigera rubohozwa n’aya mashyirahamwe yirirwa ashingwa n’abantu babiri cga 3 ngo ni amashaka. Ese ubundi uretse n’Urwanda mwigeze mubona aho abantu bashinga amashaka ya opposition akorera hanze y’igihugu yigeze agira icyo amarira abari mu gihugu? Ibintu ni bibiri gusa: Revolution ikorwa n’abaturage bari mu gihugu imbere cga Intambara itangizwa n’abari hanze. Turebye uko Urwanda ruyobowe muri iki gihe, Revolution ntabwo ishoboka, ubwo rero igisigaye ni intambara ntabwo ari ibigambo by’ibi bimina ngo ni amashaka. Kugeze ubu organisation yagaragaje ko yapfa guhangana na Kagame ni FDLR, mureke rero tuyishigikire cga aba biyita abanyamashaka bashinge indi mitwe ya gisirikari ariko atari imwe yo kuri facebook nk’Imvejuru cga Urukatsa. Gusa njye inama nabagira niba mushaka kubohoza Urwanda mutere ingabo mubitugu FDLR kuko urebye igihe imaze n’ibibazo yagiye ihura nabyo ikanga ikaba icyemye, ni ikimenyetso gikomeye cyerekana ko ifite ingufu, gusa iracyakeneye n’izo ngufu mwiritwa mutagaguza ngo muri mumashyaka. Umucunguzi ni Rubanda
    Harakabaho Rubanda,
    Harakabaho FDLR n’abanyarwanda
    Mukore rero tubari inyuma

  6. niyonzima says:

    Gukosora ubwigenge ni 1962 -1990, naho ubwigunge ni 1990-2016.
    ubuhake, ubukotoni, cyami nuburetwa ni 0000 – 1958.

    Uyu munsi Urugamba rurakomeye cyane, nugukenyera tugakomeza, tugakomera kumuheto, tuzarurwana kandi tuzarutsinda kuko turi rubanda kandi twubatse kurutare.

    Ibyago byishi namakuba meshi cyane bidutera gukomera nkibuye. Ntabwoba dufite, ntamvura cg imiyaga byadukanga kuko twebwe rubanda turi urutare kandi twubatse ku rutare ari rwo FDLR abacunguzi.
    mugongo mugali uduhetse FDLR tukuri inyuma ntimugasitare bacunguzi bacu.

    Duharanire ubwigenge, kwigenga nk’urwanda nabanyarwanda.
    Ntihagire uwibeshya numwe kuko ubwigenge buraharanirwa, burarwanirwa ntibwizana na rimwe ndetse nibitambo bigatangwa,”Freedom is Not free”

    Indirimbo: Rwanda rwacu, rwanda gihugu cyambyaye, ndakuratana ishyaka n’ubutwari iyo nibutse……. Mukomereze aha namwe.

    Mukomere mwese

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